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Like wild goose gate

发布时间:2014-06-25  点击次数:1640

On the Great Wall pass thousands a day, and one of the most important four a day, from east to west, respectively: shanhaiguan, juyongguan, yanmenguan and jiayuguan. The four pass is a national key cultural relics protection units and famous tourist scenic spot.

Four jailed while modelling is similar, but in all previous dynasties scholars describe each has its own characteristics: shanhaiguan shows are linked by mountains and rivers and day, the sea waves, north-west so spectacular, visitors such as flow of ink painting picture scroll. Juyongguan shows huge pile, winding ups and downs, shigeru HuaMuYu, crowds of grand scene. Jiayuguan shows the setting sun, a desert solitary smoke, camel, rising and falling, sand all the sad situation. And yanmenguan show, is shows four full, brave soldiers, the horses, and the magnificent momentum.


Yanmenguan Great Wall section of the Great Wall is in a state of nature is the most intact, although the social popularity, scenic spot construction and tourism income still lags far behind the other three pass, but its oldest and steep, and its political, military, diplomatic, economic and cultural aspects of status and role, is the pass hard to match.

First, the oldest. Records about yanmenguan first appeared in the "mu tianzi biography" : "(king mu) from haojing, north levy Dijon, then the wild goose gate, into the hetao, offering the river, kunlun, meeting with the queen, hunting big kuang original......" According to the time of the reign of king mu of calculate, it is about three thousand years old; Even from the king wuling of zhao during the warring states period the west engage off (ancient yanmenguan) as a strategic position, also has a history of more than 2300 years so far.

Second, the war is most frequent. Yanmenguan unique geographical position, determines its mohican. Yanmenguan, partial head off, NingWu clearance on the line, is the history of Chinese dynasty and the northern nomadic regime jagged, inevitably become a battle between line, north and south regime offensive and defensive in a here, fight against. Yanmenguan had built large and complete ancient military strategic defense system engineering, the strategic defensive system for wild goose gate mountain barrier, engage in engage in close and east west of guan as the core, in the framework of "four 18 pass", "seventy-two city" as the echo, forming a cover numerous (main) generation (county) corridor, radiation huge military system of datong, beyond the Great Wall. From Zhao Xiangzi presided over the three points and jin, southern and northern dynasties in the 5th to the qin, han, three kingdoms, tang, song, liao, jin, yuan, Ming dynasty, to the Anti-Japanese War he long command yanmenguan war, more than 2500 years, occurred in yanmenguan area up to 1700 times the size of the war, there are historical records of war has more than two hundred times. A history of yanmenguan, it is half of former military history in north China.

Third, the most dangerous terrain. The "spring and autumn annals" shanhaijing has "the world nine fill, hook one injection". "Hook note" refers to the hook on mountain, is the wild goose gate mountains today. Four of the guanzhong, yanmenguan highest. Shanhaiguan peak is only 519 meters above sea level; Jiayuguan is the ground building, the elevation of 1410 meters; Juyongguan north tower is the highest point of the badaling Great Wall, the elevation of 888.9 meters; The yanmenguan scenic spot north elevation of 1484 meters, at the gate of natural floor is 2057 meters above sea level. Not only that, but four of the guanzhong, only yanmenguan cracks was built in the two mountains, overlooking the ravines, solid, can be said to be "there, mo open".

Fourth, the most abundant connotation. Yanmenguan is military, political, diplomatic, trade, cultural, and other comprehensive the pass. From the point of view of historical records kept off star, four of the guanzhong, yanmenguan is one of the most, and who is closely combined with yanmenguan, such as JiXing, king wuling of zhao, Li Mu, li, wei ch 'ing, huo qubing, xue li, Yang jiye, etc. Will ChuiQingShi due to close, close by and the famous.

Around the yanmenguan the war often determines the feudal dynasty political decisions or changing the fate of history. Emperor gaozu six years, emperor gaozu liu bang rate in 300000 and 300000 troops xiongnu cavalry in datong, beyond the Great Wall the most spectacular in the history of han Hungary an Armageddon, history says the siege of white board. The siege of white board, after the han dynasty was forced to implement the policy "and" give priority to with in-laws netting.

In modern times, many battle in yanmenguan, children Chinese people unite as one, greatly to carry forward the spirit of the Chinese nation. Only held at fort "night," the battle, for example. In October 1937, in taiyuan in the battle, the 129th division 385 brigade 769 regiment led the colonel chon lane victor, ordered to carry out the tasks of flanking the south make the Japanese rear. Forces found dai county yanmenguan near fort yangming, Guo county and other places has Japanese troops, along with Yang Ming fort airport to airport, with successive rounds XinKou, taiyuan forces of the first world war ii in China area. After reconnaissance troops to attack fort yangming's airport. 19 days, the group with two secret close to the airport, one even the attack on the Japanese guard force, the other a violent attack on the Japanese fleet, the guild wars 1 hour, mutilate machine more than 20, annihilates the Japanese guard force of more than 100 people, has weakened the Japanese army air assault force, support the XinKou campaigns. During the same month, the eighth route army 120 division 358 brigade 716 regiment in colonel He Bingyan, political commissar Liao Hansheng, led by the ambush in the black stone groove, on either side of a highway south of yanmenguan attack on the Japanese transport fleet, killed wounded more than five hundred people, the Japanese destroyed vehicles more than 30 units. Once cut off FanShi to XinKou between traffic, with the kuomintang XinKou battle, greatly inspired the national people's anti-japanese determination.

Yanmenguan great man MAO zedong step into the century the only important pass of the Great Wall. "Not a true man unless he comes to the Great Wall" the heroic poem still up our spirit. Yanmenguan or important international thoroughfare throat, is the tea horse road, jin road, the road of the silk road and precious stones milestone, but also in the history of celebrity after most of the mark. "From the spring and autumn period and the warring states period king wuling of zhao to qin and han dynasties onwards, step into yanmenguan the ancient emperors have 21, witnessed the rise and fall of history; fill, from wang zhaojun Wen Ji belong to the south, to the SuiYiCheng princess marry turkic, all previous dynasties by yanmenguan fill and princess that have 12 people, told the nation unite reconciliation; sing song dynasties, scholars in the history of building, the breeze sent xing, left wing nearly thousand first yanmenguan poems, only the author trys to research of the wild goose gate house that amounted to more than 50." I do not know a few in a few generations, a few people, people formed a "wild goose gate eight sights" to summarize yanmenguan scenery, the wild goose gate ji, overburden SuQingLan, hook note spring snow moon cloud, phoenix mountain, south tower the patter, rock temple bells, Hu Tuo new rise, JinLing cooper. Qing chong-guang wu for a "wild goose gate eight landscape poetry and order", shall be outlined respectively. Around the formation of yanmenguan plaques and couplets equally hard to count, become an important part of yanmenguan culture.

And the walls of yanmenguan the pass, there are countless YongMing soldiers, the brave patriotic, touching story. To commemorate and mourn them, yanmenguan customs commissioner of ancestral temple built many temples, such as king wuling of zhao temple, ying fusu temple, meng tien temple, Li Mu shrine, Yang invincible shrine, Yang's ancestral hall, etc. The story of the hero the talk of generations. Again, as it were, a strong pass will collapse destroyed under years of erosion, and the true in north-west, will stand forever in people's minds.

- chun-sheng ma